Students Training (DRDA)

Publish Date : 25/06/2019

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P.R.NO:52/2019                                           Date:25.06.2019






Tamil Nadu has hundreds of Colleges and Universities in which thousands of Students are enrolled in several streams. Many of them come forward to take up Community Service in rural areas during their vacation period.  To enable them to participate in development activities implemented by the Government for the welfare of the rural community, it is proposed to provide an opportunity to those willing students through an Internship Programme.


Improvement of Sanitation facilities has an impact on the overall development on rural communities, as it has a direct bearing on the Socio- Economic and Health indicators. Hence, Government has been giving major thrust to Sanitation and Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) schemes in its endeavor to achieve and sustain Open Defecation Free (ODF) status and a cleaner environment. Interpersonal Communication, door to door activities and Triggering, involving several stakeholders such as Rural Development and Health departments, Community Based Organizations (CBO), School and College students, are recognized as the most significant tools for attaining behavioral change in the minds of people, in order to achieve and sustain our Sanitation goals.



Sanitation Programmes are implemented by the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDA) in all 31 Districts (Except Chennai) of Tamil Nadu.  District Collector is the Chairman of DRDA. Joint Director of Rural Development & Panchayat Raj/Project Director, DRDA assists the District Collector in the implementation of Central and State Government Schemes.



This internship will bridge the need of the students in gaining practical knowledge on the developmental parameters and the Government’s requirement of human capital, especially in promoting safe sanitation, to reach wider audience to achieve holistic development.

It is expected that each student would devote at least 60 hours over a period of 2 weeks and carry out specific tasks for improving the sanitation and hygiene in the villages assigned during the internship.

This internship aims at enrolling the student force to work with the rural community for building a lasting system for improving the overall sanitation and hygiene in the village. It will pave way for the better understanding of the working nature of Government setup at District / Block Level and the Village Panchayat. It will provide a basic orientation on the developmental schemes which helps in the transformation of rural landscape, particularly in the field of Sanitation and SLWM, which plays an important role in the improvement of human development indices of the rural community.



  1. a) Enrollment:

Students can send request for enrollment by formal communication in the enclosed prescribed format through email to and CC to Minimum of

5 students must be enrolled in the district to get the confirmation. Less than the prescribed number will not be taken into consideration.


  1. b) Duration:

The duration is for a period of 60 hours/ 2 weeks, between 28th

May and 28th June, 2019 during summer vacation.


  1. c) Internship Process:
  2. Students enrolled  will  get  confirmation  mail  from  Project Director, DRDA and will be called for an orientation session on a specific date before the internship period starts.
  3. During the Orientation session, the group will be allotted a village Panchayat and will be assigned to an official in DRDA for reporting. Necessary logistics must be arranged by the students.

iii.    Colleges/Universities may also nominate a faculty who will guide the Student Interns.

  1. Students will  be  trained  on  awareness  activities  to  be undertaken and also will be given a “Handbook on Sanitation” for reference for their activities during the initial briefing session at DRDA.


Inter  Personal  Communication  (IPC)  activities  undertaken  by  the interns can target behavioral change on open defecation, hygiene practices; solid/ liquid waste management among the rural community. Under this, the interns may:















Attending Briefing session / Training prior to field activity (Compulsory)


DRDA Office in the Collectorate Campus of the respective districts




5 hours















Promoting  Safe  Sanitation Practices, Personal Hygiene and Toilet Usage

Community Building (Minimum 50 household members)  


3 hours


Primary / Middle School

(One Batch)



2 hours


Government High/ Higher Secondary School (Two Batches)



4 hours





Awareness and interaction on Poor Sanitation, Malnutrition and Worm Infestation and its effect in Children and Pregnant Women / Lactating Mothers  



Anganwadi Centre




2 hours







Study the quantity of waste water generated in the village and plan a viable solution to manage it



Village Survey



6 hours





Door to door visit to promote toilet usage and waste segregation at source



At least 25 Households



2 hours






Conduct of School Sanitation

Competition in the villages assigned



Panchayat Union / Government school



6 hours





Wall Painting portraying Sanitation




Public Buildings



6 hours





Demonstration on Solid and Liquid

Waste Management


Community Building (Minimum 50 household members)



6 hours





Street Plays / Rallies to help spread the Sanitation and Solid and Liquid Waste Management messages



Village Panchayat



6 hours






Community Based Monitoring (CBM) Mapping involving the village people to analyze the toilet usage


Community Building (Minimum 75 household members)




6 hours






Participating in the mass cleaning activity and tree plantation and watering, involving the community people




Public places




4 hours






Setting up of Waste Management and Nutrition garden



At least 6 households for a team of 5 members



6 hours




Presentation and submission of Daily/ Consolidated Activity Report by Interns at DRDA after the field activities (Compulsory)  


DRDA of respective districts



5 hours


Note: (1) Student Interns can take up any activity of their choice and repetition of the same activity is allowed, however, in different Schools/Anganwadis/PHC, etc, in the allotted Village Panchayat.

(2) First and last activities are compulsory and 10 hours will be credited to their account.

(3)  Details  of  the  activities  mentioned  above  are  given  in  the

Annexure. Interns are also advised to refer to the Handbook for broader understanding of the messages to be communicated to the Community.


On completion of a minimum of 60 hours of activities, each Student Intern shall submit an Internship Report in the prescribed format with activities undertaken, duly signed by the official assigned at the time of orientation session and Guide/Faculty to the Project Director DRDA. This may be submitted at the time of Presentation of activities as mentioned in Sl.No.13 of the Table above.


All participants will be given a Participation Certificate on completion of  their  internship  by  the  Project  Director,  DRDA,  of  the  respective districts.

The Best Team will be receiving a special recognition from the

District Collector.



  1. Creation of Basic Awareness among Rural Community:
  2. a) Convey the   health  and   financial   benefits   of   improved sanitation practices, toilet usage and clean environment.
  3. b) Explain to them about the maintenance of twin pit toilet and also the process of faeces turning to manure.
  4. c) Tell about retrofitting of minor repairs in a twin pit toilet.
  5. d) Waste segregation at source like Bio-Degradable and Non- Biodegradable including 3Rs – Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
  6. e) Importance of soak pits at home for Grey water management can be stressed in the meeting.


  1. Awareness to School and Anganwadi Children:


  1. a) Teach them the “Ten Commandments for a healthy life”, Hand washing techniques.
  2. b) List of bio-degradable and non-bio degradable wastes can be taught to them  to  inculcate  the  habit  of  segregating  the waste.
  1. c) Explain the good  hygienic  practices  to  be  followed  and especially about Menstruation Hygiene Management among adolescent Girls in High/Higher Secondary Schools.


  1. Interaction with Pregnant Women/ Lactating Mothers:


  1. a) Explain them the occurrence and impacts of worm infestation on physical and mental growth of the infants.
  2. b) Educate them on the causes and consequences of Anaemia, Malnutrition in children, like stunting, et
  3. c) Tell them the importance of potty training to the children.


  1. Demonstration of Solid and Liquid Waste Management:


  1. a) Display Bio-degradable and Non-bio degradable waste and explain why source segregation is ne
  2. b) Exhibit the products that are alternative to plastics.
  3. c) Tell them how to do composting and set up nutrition garden at home.
  4. Community Based Monitoring Mapping (CBM):
  5. a) It is the mapping done using chart paper and various colour markers such as Green, Blue, Black, Red and Yellow to understand the exact status of toilet availability and usage.


Detailed information regarding Sanitation and Solid and Liquid Waste

Management is available in the “Handbook on Sanitation”.